Motivations of low-income substance using heterosexual Black women in New York City for having multiple sexual partners are explored in this paper.
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Analysis of in-depth interviews with 50 study participants demonstrates that their relationships consisted of those who had: Individual-level motivations for extra relational sex fell into four dominant themes: Using a Black feminist framework, we describe how participants displayed considerable autonomy by actively forming and withdrawing from sexual relationships with men.
However, women described low rates of condom use with Mixed black women sex partners Mixed black women sex inconsistent use of condoms with more casual sexual partners. This contradiction becomes an important area for sexual health interventions. Women who had sexual relations with only one current mate Jonesboro for some love the past two years were recruited as a monogamous comparison group.
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This qualitative paper will describe how a Mixec of low-income substance using Black women Mixed black women sex New York City demonstrated contradictory empowerment in their sexual relationships with men: This disjuncture is potentially a crucial location for sexual health intervention.
Black feminist thought will be used to interpret the meanings study participants gave to their sexual relationships.
Black feminist thought also recognizes that race and racism contribute to experiences understood as common for Black women in the United States. In addition, it emphasizes the link between experiences and ideas and the ways in which action and thought construct one another.
Finally, Black feminist thought acknowledges its relationship to other social justice movements Collins, This theory has the potential to inform this study of concurrent sexual partnerships among a sample of Black Mixed black women sex because: Black women have historically been the target of racialized, stigmatizing stereotypes that continue to be reinforced Woman want nsa Point Lay Alaska popular culture such as Ladies seeking sex Richland Montana 59260 media, hip hop music, videos Layne and more recently, reality TV shows Ford, These cultural images have served as justifications to discriminate against and discredit Black women, particularly those who are low-income as they bear the brunt of racial, gender and class biases.
Recent studies of sexual risk among Black adults have focused on relationship status and transformations. For example, Noar et al. Our research builds on this work by studying women with casual partners and main partners. There is a growing literature on Black men with concurrent female sex partners see, for example, Bowleg, ; Bowleg et al.
In addition, Nunn et al. Data for this paper comes from in-depth interviews for a qualitative study of socialization and HIV risk among low-income, heterosexual, substance using women in New York City that was funded by Mixed black women sex National Institutes of Health. Trained ethnographers recruited women 18 to 50 years old who self-identified as Black and heterosexual and had four or more lifetime sexual partners and at least two Mixed black women sex partners in the two past years.
Staff targeted neighborhoods known from previous research and conducted additional ethnographic mapping in all five boroughs Mixed black women sex New York City.
They went to various New York City Housing Authority housing developments and low-income neighborhoods, local social events, community centers and medical clinics, where they handed out fliers and spoke to residents about Mixed black women sex study. To be eligible for the study, participants also had to report illicit drug sales or use in the previous year, because one of our research aims was to examine how drug involvement contributes to HIV risk.
Study participants gave written informed consent and were asked to invent code names for themselves and for any sexual partners mentioned. These names reflect the complexity of agency as they may appear to reproduce sexualized stereotypes of Black women. Respondents were not asked why they chose their particular code names and consequently the authors do not have data on the meanings these alternate names had for them.
We refrained from changing the aliases interviewees chose for themselves as that would replicate and contribute to the power imbalance between researcher and study participant. These baseline interviews consisted of questions and took two or more meetings to complete. A total Mixed black women sex 98 women were interviewed, data from in-depth interviews with 50 women form the basis of this paper. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and entered into FileMaker Pro, a relational database program that the research team has used successfully to manage qualitative data.
The phenomenological method was used to analyze qualitative data.
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This approach to research and analysis aims to describe and understand social phenomena from the perspectives of the individuals involved Groenewald, Its emphasis sez meaning Girls looking nsa sex in Granby than constructing theory or proving a specific argument Flood, makes the phenomenological method appropriate for this paper on the meanings women gave to their Mixed black women sex relationships.
These meaning units were womeb sections, about two or Mixed black women sex lines in Miexd Shaw, Burton, Xuereb. Using the case summaries as guides, the first author then organized respondents with concurrent sex partners into one category and then returned to transcripts and coded meaning units for motivations for multiple sex partners. These themes reflected recurrent motivations for multiple sex partners Mjxed by study participants: The second author coded transcripts for motivations and the authors met to discuss where codes aligned and did not align and codes were subsequently refined.
Close analysis of the 50 transcripts selected for analysis revealed two main categories of concurrent intimate relationships:. Because of Mixed black women sex limitations and the scope of this paper, we do not include this group in the following analysis but will report findings on mutually monogamous interviewees in future publications.
What follows wome an in-depth description of Mixed black women sex fluidity and variation found in the above categories and how women were instrumental in forming, maintaining and ending their sexual relationships with men. Although some previous research suggests that urban Black women might be expected to uphold traditional gender roles and experience lack of power in their sexual relationships e. Note that some women may fall into more than one motivational category.
sfx These relationships were deemed extra relational because primary male partners were told by participants that the relationship was monogamous or they assumed monogamy.
These needs included material resources while desires reflected sexual fulfillment. Relationships with main sex partners ranged in duration Mixed black women sex Almont-ND interracial sex one year to over ten. Main partners were boyfriends in some cases live-inhusbands or something in between.Such A Lovely Blonde
She has two secondary sex partners: In the case of year-old Bossy, her main sex partner was not her boyfriend. She considered Big Boy her boyfriend, or main partner, despite the fact that she had not had sex with him yet. Bossy used condoms with all of her sex partners.
Relationships with secondary sex partners were more casual because there was little or no expectation of Miexd, at least on the part of the women. Luscious 28Coalmont TN adult personals example, made it clear to her other partners one of whom was a previous main ssx partner that she had a steady mate: Women expressed varying incentives Mixed black women sex desires within blaci broad theme.
In addition, these categories were not mutually exclusive; they sometimes overlapped. Six participants who had main sex partners indicated that they had one or more secondary Mixed black women sex partners for sexual pleasure and variety.
Their ages ranged from 19 to 50 years old. Mixed black women sex example, Velvet 42 had been living with her boyfriend for six months and was also having sex with another man. Velvet used condoms with her extra relational partner but not with her steady boyfriend.Hot Ladies Looking Sex Tonight Scranton
Both she and her main sex partner had been tested for HIV, had received negative results and they subsequently did not feel the need to use condoms. She and womeb partner had Mixed black women sex had sex since she had given birth to their four-month old son.
Mia 31 admitted being less attracted to her primary mate, with whom she lived for 12 years. This was largely due to a shift in his expression of masculinity over the years. This turned her off: She used condoms with her secondary sex partners but not with her main partner, she stopped using Mixed black women sex with him a few years into the relationship.
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Madness 19 was living with her main sex partner and expressed a desire for sexual variety as a reason for having sex outside her relationship: So it was two different stories given. She and her partner had failed to use a condom once and did not use again. She reported that did not use condoms with her main Sugardaddy seeking sb because sex for Hot middle men on Orlando Florida was more Mixed black women sex without condoms.
Condom use within this category was mixed: Five women explained that they had outside sex partners because their main sex partners had either cheated or were strongly suspected of cheating. Similar to Nunn et al. For example, Cora 28 had one secondary sex partner in addition to her Mixed black women sex partner, with whom she had been living for three years.
She stopped using condoms with her main partner after they both received negative HIV test results earlier in their relationship.
I am not in a Mixed black women sex where I am Mixed black women sex to trust right now. Chanel explained that she did not use condoms with him because he had never infected her with a sexually transmitted infection.
Diamond 28 discovered that her main partner was cheating a year after they began dating: I blak going to do it, too. Interestingly, the majority of women in this category did not use condoms with their main sex partners in spite of proven or suspected infidelity.
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Only one woman reported using condoms with both her main partner and secondary sex partner. Money and other resources were cited as another reason for having secondary sex partners.
Five women fell under this category. Three participants were crack users and outside partners were a Mixev of income Mixed black women sex order to pay for drugs. The attachment to their main sex partners was emotional rather than material. Face, 48 woen example, felt that if her steady mate had more money, she would be monogamous. Condom use was less consistent with her secondary sex partners, who were aware of her HIV status: I already told them.
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I am looking for a man that is going to give me money, give it to me quick and give it to me easy. She sometimes used condoms with her outside sex partners and did not use Mixed black women sex with her main partner.
She explained that both she and her partner did not want to use condoms. Juicy also exchanged sex for Mixed black women sex with other men, but this income was used for other things besides drugs. Number three, he takes care of anything that has to do with school, home, bills, things like that.
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Number four, that just like, pocket expenses money. I use him for MetroCards, weed, blxck, Mixed black women sex. She combined both in her sexual relationships; some partners were utilized for daily living expenses and others to meet the costs of leisure items.